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Is change hair color safe ?

How can I change hair color safely?

change hair color

Ways To Change Hair Color 

First you should know That change Hair color are as common as lipstick, with nearly as many shades. But some researchers say these popular beauty products have an ugly flip side: They may cause cancer.

The Medical Detective asked experts, “Should she, or shouldn’t she?” Read on to learn the truth about coloring hair, where the harshest chemicals lurk and how to tone down gray the healthy way...

Here are some you’ll encounter in the four most common types of hair dyes: 


These hair dyes, available in most major brands, including L’Oreal and Garnier Nutrisse, are used by about 80% of consumers. They cause lasting chemical changes in the hair shaft. Permanent dyes contain a cocktail of chemicals (the darker the hair dye, the higher the concentration that may cause cancer). 

change hair color

Para-phenylenediamine (PPD) creates dramatic color changes – going from blond to brunette, for example – but has caused cancer in animals, according to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which regulates some color changing hair dyes. Women worried about hair dye’s cancer risk should “decrease their frequency of permanent hair dye use or use non-chemical-based or natural hair dye [without PPD],” advises Manuela Gago-Dominguez, M.D., Ph. D., assistant professor at the Keck School of Medicine and USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center in Los Angeles.

Coal tar is a combination of chemicals that create longer-lasting colors than natural, vegetable dyes. It also caused cancer in laboratory animals, according to the FDA. Because of that, products with coal tar must include a warning saying some people may experience skin sensitivity; users should perform a skin test before use; they should follow instructions provided; and the product must not be used for dyeing eyelashes or eyebrows – to do so may cause blindness.

Hydrogen peroxide, a key ingredient in permanent dyes, removes your natural color and readies it for a new shade. Peroxide damages hair, and its sulfurous smell may cause eyes to sting. Ammonia makes hair color last longer, but high exposure can irritate skin. Most more-expensive, at-home products, such as L’Oreal and Garnier, are ammonia-free.

2-Semi- and demi-permanent:

These hair dyes add color but don’t lighten hair. Semi-permanent dyes last for about 6-12 shampoos; demi-permanent 24-26 shampoos. Both may contain some peroxide.

3-Temporary hair dye: 

Consisting of water, organic solvents and other agents, these cover the hair shaft but don’t penetrate it, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS). They come in rinses, gels and sprays and usually last 1-2 hair washings.

4-Natural hair dye: 

change hair color

Henna – sold by Light Mountain, for example – is chemical-free and can last up to 6 weeks. It doesn’t do a great job of coloring gray, however, and needs to be refreshed every 2-4 weeks.

Coloring Hair Risk #2: 

Frequency The number of times you dye your hair may increase your cancer risk. Women who colored their hair with permanent dye at least once a month for a year or longer doubled their odds of developing bladder cancer over those who didn’t, according to a 2001 University of Southern California study.

The risk triples if you’ve used permanent dye for 15 years or more, and rises 50% if you’re a professional stylist or barber working with dyes for just a year. It’s five times as harmful for stylists with more than 10 years’ exposure. 

Bladder cancer isn’t the only illness to fear. Women who used dark permanent dyes and colored eight times a year or more for at least 25 years had double the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), according to a four-year study published in 2004 in the American Journal of Epidemiology. Those who went blond showed no such risk increase.

Coloring Hair Risk #3: 

Your DNA Your genetic makeup also may make you more susceptible to bladder cancer if you use permanent dyes, according to a 2011 study by the International Journal of Cancer. 
The crucial factor was how fast women flushed out arylamines, which are derivatives of ammonia absorbed through the skin during the dyeing process. Permanent dyes contain more of the toxic compound than semi-permanent dyes, says Gago-Dominguez, a lead author of an earlier USC study with the same findings. 
Researchers found one slow gene was associated with triple the risk of bladder cancer. There was a 6.8-fold risk increase for women with another type of slow gene.

Coloring Hair Risk #4: 

When You Started Dyeing Started dyeing your hair before 1980? Then you have a 40% greater risk of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, according to a 2008 combined analysis of four case-control studies that included more than 4,000 women with NHL and about 5,800 women without the disease. That’s because earlier hair dyes contained chemicals such as aromatic amines, organic compounds joined to an aromatic structure that can harm your health. There was no increased risk among women who began try on hair color dye after 1980 because the FDA issued warnings about such chemicals and manufacturers dropped them from products.

Coloring Hair Risk #5: 

Pregnancy Hair dyes probably are safe to use during pregnancy for both mom and fetus because absorption through the skin is minimal, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Still, pregnant women should think twice about coloring hair, especially with coal-tar-based products, Gago-Dominguez advises. “Permanent dyes are the ones that have been associated with an increased risk” of cancer, she says. 

Pregnant women already are exposed to many pollutants and chemicals during pregnancy, adds Tongzhang Zheng, D.Sc., professor of epidemiology at Yale School of Public Health. “This is one more - but it’s optional. Do they want that extra exposure?”

Major studies funded by the National Institutes of Health about the effects of dye during pregnancy are underway worldwide, Zheng says, following women from pregnancy through childbirth.

Coloring Your Hair Safely 

change hair color

If the money spent on coloring hair is any indication, women are not about to stop, cancer risk or no. Americans bought $1.6 billion in at-home hair color products in 2010, according to Euromonitor International, a market research firm that tracks sales of beauty and personal-care products.

For safest results, professionals encourage do-it-yourselves to:

- Keep the mixture on your hair only as long as recommended on the box, says veteran colorist Sheri Caroll at George Caroll Salon in Los Angeles.

- Wear gloves when applying the mixture. Some chemicals are toxic, so minimize exposure.

- Try to keep the color off your scalp, a pathway to internal chemical exposure. Skin exposure also raises your risk of an allergic reaction. Applying with a brush or comb may help keep dye from your scalp.

- Don’t combine different hair dye products; they may have harmful reactions.

- Rinse your scalp thoroughly with water after dyeing.

- Read the box ingredients for PPD, resorcinol or triethanolamine, commonly used strong chemicals in permanent hair dyes that may be toxic.

    - Consider natural dyes, like henna. “Natural hair dye is safer” than chemical dyes , says Sonya Lunder, MPH, a senior analyst for the EWG.