Sunday, September 30, 2018

How You Can Protect Yourself From Cancer



How You Can Protect Yourself From Cancer

How You Can Protect Yourself From Cancer
How You Can Protect Yourself From Cancer


Know the Facts:


• Cancer means that cells at a primary site in your body have grown uncontrollably and have the potential to spread (metastasize) throughout the body. Cancer is the leading cause of death for women in Canada.
• The most commonly occurring cancers for women are breast, lung, colorectal, and endometrial (also known as uterine cancer). Lung cancer has the highest mortality rate for women, followed by breast and colorectal.
• Some cancers affect women differently than men. For example, in recent years the incidence and death rates for lung cancer in men have been falling, while the rates for women have been rising.

Protect Yourself:

Many common risk factors for cancer can be reduced by applying some simple techniques in your daily life.



Cut back on or eliminate tobacco  use

How You Can Protect Yourself From Cancer
How You Can Protect Yourself From Cancer

• Quitting smoking can reduce your long-term risk of lung cancer by 30 to 50 percent.
• The longer you avoid smoking, the lower the risk of cancer becomes.
• Quitting smoking also reduces your risk of heart attack, stroke, and coronary heart disease.


Protect your skin from sun exposure

How You Can Protect Yourself From Cancer
How You Can Protect Yourself From Cancer

• Protect yourself from overexposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays, which can cause damage to your skin and lead to skin cancer.
• Many cases of serious skin cancer begin with childhood sunburns — protecting children from burns is particularly important.

Maintain a healthy body  weight through proper nutrition and regular physical activity:

How You Can Protect Yourself From Cancer
How You Can Protect Yourself From Cancer

• A person with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of over 40 (see chart on page 26) has a 62 percent higher chance of cancer-related death than a person with a normal body weight.
• A healthy diet and daily exercise can help lower BMI as well as lower the risk of many cancers, including colorectal.



Practice safe sex to avoid infection

How You Can Protect Yourself From Cancer
How You Can Protect Yourself From Cancer

• Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is transmitted by sexual contact.
• PAP screenings are free in British Columbia and if done regularly, can reduce the risk of cervical cancer by 70 percent


Know the Signs

• The earlier a cancer is diagnosed, the better the chances for survival.• Self-monitoring is critical. Be aware of changes in your body — if you find a lump or sore that does not heal, have a health-care practitioner check it out.
• Each type of cancer has specific indicators, which are discussed in more detail below.



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